The liver is one of the vital parts of the human body. The liver excretes a substance known as bile and controls most blood chemical levels. It aids in removing waste from the liver. The liver receives all the blood that exits the intestines and stomach. The liver breaks down, maintains equilibrium, and manufactures nutrients in addition to processing this blood.
It also metabolizes medications to make them more easily absorbed by the body or nontoxic. The liver performs more than 500 essential activities. When the liver fails, a liver transplant is a must to save the life. Learn about liver transplant surgery and why India is best for it through this post:
What is liver transplant surgery?
A liver transplant is a procedure in which a failing liver is replaced by a healthy liver donated either from a deceased donor or a living donor. An intact donor will occasionally give a portion of their liver.
A person from a family could be a living donor. Alternatively, it can be a stranger with a compatible blood type unrelated to you.
When a portion of the liver is donated, the remaining liver can still function normally. The only organ in the body that can repair missing or damaged tissue is the liver.
After surgery, the donor’s liver will rapidly regain its usual size. The portion you receive as a new liver will likewise enlarge to its typical size in a few weeks.
Who needs a liver transplant?
An individual needs a liver transplant if they have one of the following conditions:
- Chronic liver illness that does not improve with treatment
- Liver cancer without damaging the surrounding tissues and blood arteries
- Chronic liver disease
- Severe liver disease
- Cirrhosis of the liver that is untreatable with medication
Types of liver transplant
Three main liver transplant procedures may be available to a patient:
Orthotopic transplant or deceased organ donation
The most typical liver transplant procedure is an orthotopic one. It typically comes from a donor who, previous to death, donated their organs for donation.
And it was free of any malignancies or infectious diseases that could harm the receiver. From a donor who recently passed away, the entire liver is removed.
A living donor transplant
A living donor transplant occurs when a liver donated by a living person is used. The donor has the procedure initially, during which the doctor removes the donor’s left or right liver lobe. The damaged liver is then removed once the recipient is opened up.
As with an orthotopic transplant, linkages with blood vessels and bile ducts are made to replace the portion of the donor’s liver that was removed. After transplantation, the replaced lobe will soon regenerate.
A split type of liver transplant
Split donation is transplanting the liver of a recently dead person to two different recipients. It is feasible if an adult and a youngster are the following acceptable recipients. The surgeon will separate the left and right lobes of the liver.
The larger right lobe usually goes to the adult, whereas the smaller left lobe goes to the youngster. Like living donor transplants, the liver’s transplanted sections regenerate to their former size. At the same time, two people gain from this type of treatment.
Reason to choose India for liver transplant surgery
India is the best country to receive a liver transplant for several reasons. Worldwide, liver transplantation is a costly medical procedure.
However, in India, this cost is much lower than that of other nations. A reasonable price does not imply sacrificing treatment.
Liver transplant surgery in India is performed by skilled and experienced surgeons who manage this procedure with high success rates.
The technologies employed are quite cutting-edge, much like any other wealthy nation. Surgeons will save the patient’s lives and try their best for that.
Care and responsibility for national and international patients are great by the hospital staff and surgeons in India.
The procedure of liver transplant surgery
Surgery for a liver transplant is a difficult procedure that might take six to twelve hours. The general anesthetic will keep you unconscious throughout the procedure. You will possess
- An intravenous catheter (IV) is inserted into a vein of your hand or arm to administer fluids and medications.
- A vein in your neck or thigh can place an IV for blood sampling and blood pressure monitoring.
- A mechanical ventilator is connected by a tube that passes through your mouth and windpipe.
- With the help of a ventilator, your lungs will mechanically expand making sure that you continue breathing during surgery.
- Blood and fluid from the area around your liver are drained through tubes in your belly.
- A nasogastric tube is placed via the nose into the stomach to drain the stomach’s secretions. It won’t come out for a few days until your bowel movements resume normal.
Your surgeon will start the procedure by making a single, lengthy abdominal incision to access your liver. They will cut the blood and bile conduits attached to your liver before separating it.
The new liver will be implanted and connected to your blood vessels and bile ducts. They will take care of your incision and transfer you to intensive care.
Life after the surgery
Your symptoms should begin to subside soon after the transplant, although some patients require up to two weeks of hospitalization.
The patient may resume their regular activities within a few months after their liver transplant surgery.
You will need to attend frequent follow-up sessions to track your development. The surgeon will prescribe immunosuppressants to help prevent your body from rejecting your new liver.
These typically require lifetime administration. Follow the proper diet and develop the habit of doing certain exercises for better physical health.
Winding it up
The liver transplant team includes two attending surgeons, one anesthesiologist, two assisting surgeons, one assistant for the anesthesiologist, two scrub nurses, etc.
Patients with these conditions are not eligible for liver transplants. Once you understand the points mentioned above, visit your doctor and start the work for the surgery.
Read here about: Colon Cancer