The Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Hemorrhoids



Inflammation of blood vessels within those walls between the rectum and the anus is known as hemorrhoids or piles. The blood vessels function as shock absorbers to help defecate all over the body. They cause hemorrhoids. are among the main causes of rectal bleeding.

What are Piles?

The word hemorrhoid comes by the Greek word “hemorrhoids,” meaning veins capable of releasing blood. It is most commonly observed in the age range between 45 and 65 years old.

Piles are hemorrhoids swelling within and within the buttock lining or the lining of your anal. They typically heal by themselves within a couple of days. There are many options to prevent and treat of hemorrhoids.

The issue is, what is the cause of piles? There are a variety of reasons that cause hemorrhoids that raise the pressure on blood vessels which supply the anus and the rectum. This causes swelling of the vessels.

The reason for hemorrhoids is not known. Some of the factors that trigger hemorrhoids include constipation, increase in pressure on veins during the pregnancy and weight gain that continues for a long time as well as persistent diarrhea and long time on the toilet and straining for the lifting of heavy items. They can be reduced within a couple of weeks, however should persistent symptoms, such as bleeding from the rectal area occur the doctor should be immediately consulted.

Itching and discomfort may be noticed in some patients. In general, it’s not caused by symptoms like bleeding from the rectal or pain.

What causes piles and Hemorrhoids?

Piles occur due to various reasons. The causes are a rise in pressure in the blood vessels that supply the rectum and anus. They also result in the blood vessels expand.

  • The bowels are hard or hard. (stools)
  • A diet low in fiber
  • Liver diseases that result in increased blood pressure within the veins which supply the anus and the rectum (portal hypertension) Ascites (accumulation of fluids inside the abdomen)
  • Family heritage
  • For a long time, diarrhoea
  • Physical strains to lift large objects
  • Rectal cancers
  • Weight gain that is excessive
  • An ongoing cough, sneezing along with nausea (prolonged)
  • Defecating for a long time while squatting
  • Anal Intercourse

Piles Symptoms

The symptoms can be caused by the expansion of vessels bleeding, or the movement of blood vessels in the anus. Any of the symptoms listed below could be present in the event that you have pimples.

  • The pain increases when you strain or sitting
  • The anus is bleeding and bleeding from the genus.
  • Protrusion of vessels that are soft and bulging through the anus
  • Itching in the area of the anal opening
  • Sometimes, a clot could develop within blood vessels that protrude and cause severe discomfort. This is also known as thrombosed pimples.
  • If any of these indicators are apparent, you should to consult with an expert. A severe bleeding problem caused by broken (torn) pile may result in extreme blood loss and lightheadedness.
  • The most common way to identify these when we notice the presence of blood on toilet paper or when pink or purple bumps appear around the edges or bulging out of the anus.

Risk Factors for Hemorrhoids

The main risk factors that can lead to the development of piles are

  • Long-term constipation
  • A long period of sitting
  • Strenuous straining
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Colon cancer
  • Alcoholic Liver Diseases (causing hypertension in the portal and ascites)
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Bad posture (lack of an erect posture)
  • The family history of piles
  • The pressure of the anal resting area is elevated.
  • Tone loss of muscles in the rectus (muscle in the rectum)
  • episiotomy (It is an surgical incision made during the delivery process by an obstetrician in order for the baby to move without any problems via the birth canal)
  • Anal Intercourse
  • Inflammatory bowel conditions such as Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Diseases.
  • Surgery connected to the anal canal and the rectum.

Diagnose of Piles

  • Doctors identify piles by asking about the patient’s symptoms as well as medical history, and also by performing a an exam.
  • Physical examination During Piles treatment the anal area is examined for bulging piles in the orifice of anal. Rectal examinations are also conducted. To examine the rectum the patient is required lying on the back with knees folded over the chest. The doctor places an instrumented finger through the anal orifice. The doctor then checks the the rectum and the anus for any swellings or other anomalies. Most often, the presence of piles can be detected through visual examination of the anal area as well as the digital rectal exam.
  • Anoscopy also known as proctosigmoidoscopy is used to examine the rectum as well as the anus and determine the causes of bleeding in the rectal region not related to piles. In this process surgeons insert tubes into the rectum via the anus and inspects the area using a flashlight.

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