What Is Repo Rate And Comparison With Reverse Repo Rate?




What is repo rate? In a repo or repurchase arrangement, the repo rate is the interest rate. A buyback agreement allows you to borrow money in exchange for a security deposit with the lender. It consists of two transactions: an outright sale of the specified securities and a concurrent agreement to buy the same securities from the purchaser at an agreed price at a future date. When the repo rate affects your loan interest rate, it is known as the reverse repo rate. 

A reverse repurchase agreement entails lending money in exchange for a security that the lender holds as collateral. It involves the outright purchase of the collateral and a concurrent commitment to sell the same collateral at a later date for a price agreed upon with the money borrower. Let us dig into detail about what is repo rate and its features.

What is Repo?

A repurchase agreement (RP) is a short term loan in which both parties agree to sell and repurchase assets in the future over a given period. The seller sells a treasury bill or other government instrument with the promise of repurchasing it at a later date at a price that includes interest.

Repurchase agreements are often short-term contracts completed in a matter of hours or days. On the other hand, some contracts are open and have no stated maturity date, but the reversal happens typically within a year.

Repo contract buyers are often looking to raise funds for a limited period. Hedge funds and other leveraged account managers, insurance firms, and money market mutual funds are involved in such deals.

What is Repo in Reverse?

A reverse repurchase agreement (RRP) is the acquisition of securities to resell those same assets at a profit in the future. This procedure is the polar opposite of the buyback agreement. It’s a buyback agreement if the person selling the securities agrees to repurchase them, and it’s a reverse repurchase agreement if the person purchasing the securities agrees to sell them.

A buyback agreement is a contract in which a dealer sells assets to a counterparty to buy them back at a higher price later. The dealer is raising short-term cash with a low risk of loss at a reasonable interest rate. A reverse repo is used to finish the transaction. The counterparty has committed to selling them back to the dealer.

Repo rate vs reverse repo rate: What’s the difference?

Both repo rate vs reverse repo rate are prominent options in the market; here are some key distinctions to consider:

The interest rate in a repo transaction is the outright sale of assets with a promise to buy back at a defined future date in the money market. In contrast, the reverse repo rate is the outright purchase of securities committed to selling at a given future date in the money market.

Securities market intermediaries, commercial banks, leveraged investors, and monetary authorities are the primary users of repo rate transactions. In contrast, financial institutions, financial entities, mutual funds, wealth funds, pension funds, insurance companies, endowments, and corporate treasury securities are the primary users of reverse repo rate transactions.

Repo rates combine the advantages of inexpensive short-term financing and strong liquidity, making them ideal for securities market intermediaries who want to free up cash by selling assets they own. Reverse repo offers cash-rich but risk-averse investors a short-term secured lending opportunity. It may also be used to borrow assets to cover short positions already placed by the investors.

The repo rate is used by monetary authorities to lend to the banking sector and inject liquidity into the system to keep inflation under control. The reverse repo rate is used by monetary authorities to borrow from the banking system while also sucking excess liquidity out of the system to manage the money supply in the economy.


The article gives a clear idea about what is repo rate. Repo rates are those associated with repurchase agreements similar to collateralized loans, whilst reverse repo rates are related to reverse repurchase transactions similar to secured deposits. Repurchase and reverse repurchase agreements are, in reality, two sides of the same transaction, with the former representing a short-term fund borrower and the latter representing a short-term lender. The Repo rate affects your loan interest rate usually.

The dealer’s viewpoint is usually considered when referring to these transactions with monetary authorities to identify the trade between the repo rate and the reverse repo rate. As a result, the monetary authorities’ repo rates are always greater than reverse repo rates.

Because of its low borrowing rate and strong liquidity, the repo rate is similar to a collateralized loan and is frequently desirable to fund borrowers. The reverse repo is a security deposit that provides a short-term investment opportunity for the lender of cash and a way to borrow the security to cover short positions.

Read Also: What is reverse repo rate, and is it different from repo rate?

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